让大家最为担心的是英语复试的备考,根据英文

作者:网站首页

图片 1
扫码关注考研圈微信

  近几年的四级作文题基本上都是要求考生就某种现实现象或观点发表自己的看法,内容多是考生所熟悉的社会热点话题或大学生生活题材。写好四级作文有两个关键点:第一,根据英文的表达习惯来安排写作结构;第二,用自己熟悉的英文词汇、句式和句型正确地写出自己的观点和看法。因此,老师将按照起承转合的结构安排,为大家详细介绍一下写作中常用的重点关联词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为大家四级写作提供有用的素材。

图片 2图片 3

图片 4

  • 2015年考研国家线已公布
  • 34校2015考研复试线已公布
  • 2015全国各地高校调剂信息平台
  • 2015高校考研调剂信息发布方式
  • 2015年考研考生发布调剂意向区

  (一)起

一、开头句型

  • 2014中国教育APP测评报告发布 详细榜单
  • 业内声音:在线教育三五年内出现完整体系
  • 视频:指尖上的中国教育 移动时代再创业
  • 濮存昕做客盛典:六字人生心得影响年轻人
  • 台湾培训学校为何衰败 韩国智能在线教育

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大高校陆续开始,很多过初试的考生已经开始了紧张的复试准备,让大家最为担心的是英语复试的备考。能不能取得最后的成功,英语复试是一个关键。

  观点(现象性):

1.As far as …is concerned 就……而言

  在前一篇的考研[微博]英语写作复习攻略二里提到了大作文引入段的写作方法,大家不断练习能够写出高水平的第一段,进而给阅卷老师留下深刻的印象。接下来进入第二段意义阐述段的攻略讲解。对于考研作文议论文来说,涉及的主题无非就是重要的或者有害的。

  自我介绍还可以提前背一背,可如果抽到一个随机的话题让我们展开叙说的话,就会有一定的难度。这里老师就给大家介绍几种展开话题的方法,希望大家能够运用上,使自己的言语表达更加的清晰流畅有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some argue that…, while others believe that…

2.It goes without saying that… 不言而喻,…

  在这一段,第一句提出论点,论点要准确,即话题要趋同不要跑题;论点要清晰,即在首句中要有能够涵盖主题的关键词;论点要精彩,即语言要有亮点,比如采用一些复杂语法像非谓语动词、从句类、介词短语等。第二句可用虚拟语气强调论点,如正面话题,Were there no the Hope Project, those children would never receive the precious knowledge. 可提炼出这样的句式:Were there no sth., sb. would never do sth. 如负面话题,Were the situation to continue, we would pay high price. 第三句就论点展开论述,就如同中文中的论证方法有对比论证、举例论证、引用名言论证等等,下边介绍几种常用方法:

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

3.It can be said with certainty that… 可以肯定地说……

  (一)因果法

  因果法是用来解释“为什么”的问题。我们可以根据一个结果去推导其原因,要以事实和证据为根据,前后过程要合乎逻辑和常理。例如:“你为什么考研”?Why do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

4.As the proverb says, 正如谚语所说的,

  1.There are many causes/reasons for the dramatic growth/decrease. Firstly,...secondly,...finally,.。.

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from, lead to, so... as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in this way, thanks to等。

  4. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

5.It has to be noticed that… 它必须注意到,…

  2. A number of factors can account for the change in.。.

  二、定义法

  描述性:

6.It‘s generally recognized that… 它普遍认为…

  (二)例证法

  定义法可以用来阐述“是什么”的问题,即用一段话来解释说明某个抽象的概念或具体事物的性质、特征、用途、原理等。例如:What is honesty? 我们可以用如下形式来展开论述:Honesty means telling the truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with nowadays is …

7.It‘s likely that … 这可能是因为…

  1. As an example of the power of love, we should remember how the Chinese people of all nationalities respond to the call to help the victims of natural disasters every year. Although their incomes are still low by international standards, people all over the country do not hesitate to donate whatever they can — be it money or goods—to help their needy fellow citizens. Moreover, they do this with no thought of gain for themselves。(01年)  

  常用关联词汇: what is..., to be defined as, the definition of ... is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

8.It‘s hardly that… 这是很难的……

  2. A case in point is the successful launching of "Shenzhou 7 Spacecraft" which sets china in a high position of aviation and space flight. Although it means a great achievement for us Chinese, we are facing new challenges in the future and need to do further research in space technology. Another illustration is closely related to us, the examinees. If we pass this test and are fortunately admitted by a university, we shall not stop making efforts. Instead, we are confronted with the challenge of conquering the difficult graduate courses. We still have to strive for success in our future academic study, employment and career。(04年) 

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

9.It‘s hardly too much to say that… 它几乎没有太多的说…

  (三)比较与对比法

  例证是为了证明主题而存在的。当主题为理论性或概述的论点时,就需要通过举例或例证来加以支持,以说服听者,同时要注意逻辑严密。例如:In many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on TV or radio.

  (二)承

10.What calls for special attention is that…需要特别注意的是

  The difference between a man who succeeds and one who does not lies only in the way each treats opportunities. The successful person always make adequate preparations to meet... as they duly arrive. The unsuccessful person, on the other hand, works little and just waits to see them pass by. Obviously, the two different attitudes towards opportunities may lead to quite different consequences。

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore, besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  1. 关联词语或重点词汇:

11.There‘s no denying the fact that…毫无疑问,无可否认

  大家在论证方法上可以多种方法同时采用,比如上文例证法01年的爱心主题例子是在遇到自然灾害的时候,中国人民无私捐献财力物力;04年的例子是神舟七号卫星发射的成功既是机遇又是挑战,另一个例子是如果考上研究生对于大家既是机遇也是挑战。建议大家的一点是在例证法上,要多积累一些时事、时下励志人物等相关的例子,在考试之前准备好,可以找老师帮忙翻译好,在考试时可以信手拈来。各位考生,坚持就是胜利,预祝大家都能取得自己满意的成绩!

  总之,考研复试时,拿到题目后应立刻审题,积极思考,找好切人点,把讲话的框架打好腹稿,这样会使你的阐述更具逻辑性。展开的方法就是运用因果法、定义法、例证法等。另外注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神交流,紧紧地抓住对方的注意力。在复试前的关键时期,大家一定要多锻炼与人交流的能力。祝大家考研复试顺利,超常发挥,顺利进入自己心仪的学校!

  递进:

12.Nothing is more important than the fact that… 没有什么比这更重要的是…

  来源:文都教育

  来源:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover, furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not least

13.what‘s far more important is that… 更重要的是…

  举例:

二、衔接句型

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate, for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good case in point

1.A case in point is … 一个典型的例子是…

  因果:

2.As is often the case…由于通常情况下…

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to, based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a consequence

3.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

  分类:

4.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore 然而问题并非如此简单,所以……

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups, consist of

5.But it‘s a pity that… 但遗憾的是…

  2. 句型及常用表达结构:

6.For all that…对于这一切…… In spite of the fact that…尽管事实……

  举例:

7.Further, we hold opinion that… 此外,我们坚持认为,…

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

8.However , the difficulty lies in…然而,困难在于…

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

9.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 同样,我们要注意…

  Just take …as an example。

10.not(that)…but(that)…不是,而是

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

11.In view of the present station。鉴于目前形势

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be sufficient。

12.As has been mentioned above…正如上面所提到的…

  因果:

13.In this respect, we may as well (say) 从这个角度上我们可以说

  There are several reasons for…

14.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is… 然而我们还得看到事物的另一方面,即 …

  The reason why …can be traced to…

三、结尾句型

  The causes for …are as follows…

1.I will conclude by saying… 最后我要说…

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following conclusion…

2.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…因此,我们有理由相信…

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …, thirdly,…

3.All things considered,总而言之 It may be safely said that…它可以有把握地说……

  …also contribute to the reason why…

4.Therefore, in my opinion, it‘s more advisable…因此,在我看来,更可取的是…

  分类:

5.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…通过以上讨论,我们可以得出结论…

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

6.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that…通过数据我们得到的结论是,…

本文由金沙手机娱乐网址-澳门金莎娱乐网站发布,转载请注明来源

关键词: